Betancourt, P.P. 1979. Gournia, Crete. The 75th Anniversary of the Excavations   (Aegean Symposium 4), Philadelphia.

———. 1979. “The Pottery Chronology: A Brief Sketch (Gournia),” TUAS 4, pp. 7–10.

———. 1983. Minoan Objects Excavated from Vasilike, Pseira and Other Sites (The Cretan Collection in the University

           Museum, University of Pennsylvania, I), Philadelphia.

———. 1984. East Cretan White on Dark Ware: Studies on a Handmade Pottery of Early to Middle Minoan Periods 

           (University Monograph 51), Philadelphia.

Betancourt, P.P., and J. Silverman. 1991.  The Cretan Collection in the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania 

           II: Pottery from Gournia (University Museum Monograph 72), Philadelphia.

Betancourt, P.P., T.S. Wheeler, R. Maddin, and J.D. Muhly. 1978. Metallurgy at Gournia (MASCAJ 1), pp. 7–8.

Blitzer, H. 1979. “The Ground Stone Implements at Gournia: Comments and Queries,” TUAS 4, pp. 46–49.

Boukiou, M., S. Nieblas, and B. Wade. 2014. The Archaeological Site of Gournia: A Tourism Marketing Strategy,    

           Masters diss & field study project, University of Kent.

Boyd-Hawes, H. A. 1904. “Gournia: Report of the American Exploration Society's Excavations at Gournia, Crete, 1901–

           1903,” in Transactions of the Department of Archaeology, Free Museum of Science and Art, University of 

           Pennsylvania, 1, i, Philadelphia, pp. 7–44.

———. 1904–1905. “Gournia: Report of the American Exploration Society's Excavations at Gournia, Crete in 1904,” in 

           Transactions of the Department of Archaeology, Free Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania, 1, 

           iii, Philadelphia, pp. 177–190.

Boyd-Hawes, H., B.E. Williams, R.B. Seager, and E.H. Hall. 1908. Gournia, Vasiliki and Other Prehistoric Sites on the 

           Isthmus of Hierapetra, Crete. Excavations of the Wells-Houston-Cramp Expeditions, 1901, 1903, 1904, 


Branigan, K. 1969. “A Minoan Dagger from Gournia,” Antiquity 43(170), pp. 137–138.

Buell, D.M. 2009. “Urbanism and the Knossian State: A View from Three Regions,” paper presented at the Society for 

           American Archaeology Anual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, April 2009.

———. 2011. “Minoan Cityscapes: Urban Planning in Neopalatial Society,” paper presented at the Minoan Archaeology: 

           Challenges and Perspectives for the 21st Century Conference, Heidelberg, Germany, March 2011.

———. 2011. “Some Preliminary Thoughts on a New Building Excavated at Gournia, Summer 2010,” paper presented at 

           the INSTAP Study Center for East Crete, Pacheia Ammos, Greece, June 2011.

———. 2012. New Light on the Late Minoan IB City of Gournia,” paper presented at the Archaeological Institute of 

           America 113th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvannia, January 5-8, 2012.

———. 2012. “(Re)Constructing Identity in Neopalatial Crete: City-Planning and Meaning,” paper presented at the 2012 

           Colloquium on Architectural Studies in the Memory of Professor Frederick E. Winter (CIG), Italian School, Athens, 

           Greece, June 2012.

———. 2014. "Excavating a Minoan Town: The Gournia Excavation Project 2010-2014," paper presented at Lehigh

           University, September 26, 2014.

Buell, D.M., and J.C. McEnroe. 2015. "Community Buildings/ Building Community at Gournia," paper presented at the 

           conference From Static Data to Dynamic Processes: New Perspectives on Minoan Architecture and Urbanism,  

           University of Toronto, January 5-7, 2015.

———. 2015. "Where was the Protopalatial Palace at Gournia?," paper presented at the Archaeological Institute of   

           America 116th Annual Meeting, January 8-11, 2015.

Cadogan, G. 1992. “Gournia,” in The Aerial Atlas of Ancient Crete, J.W. Myers, E.E. Myers, and G. Cadogan, eds., 


Damiani-Indelicato, S. 1984. “Gournia, cite minoenne,” in Aux origines de l'hellenisme. Festschrift H. van Effenterre, 

           Paris, pp. 47–54.

Davis, E. 1979. “The Silver Kantharos from Gournia,” TUAS 4, pp. 34–45.

Dysart, M. 2013. "Ovis/Capra, It's What's for Dinner; Preliminary Analysis of Faunal Material from a Minoan 

           Settlement," Chronika 3.

Eliopoulos, T. 2004. “Gournia, Vronda, Kavousi, Kephala Vasilikis: A Triad of Interrelated Shrines of the Expiring Minoan 

           Age on the Isthmus of Ierapetra,” in Crete beyond the Palaces. Proceedings of the Crete 2000 Conference  

           (Prehistory Monographs 10), Philadelphia, pp. 81–90.

Fotou, V. 1993. New Light on Gournia: Unknown Documents of the Excavation at Gournia and Other Sites on the 

           Isthmus of Ierapetra  by Harriet Ann Boyd (Aegaeum 9), Liège.

———. 1995. “Unknown Documents of the Excavation at Gournia and Other Sites on the Isthmus of Ierapetra by Harriet 

           Ann Boyd,” in Pepragmena tou Z’ Diethnous Kritologikou Synedriou (Proceedings of the 8th International 

           Cretological Congress), vol. A1, N.E. Papadogiannakis, ed., Rethymno, pp. 341–348.

Georgiou, H.S. 1973. “Minoan ‘Fireboxes’ from Gournia,” Expedition 15(4), pp. 7–14.

Hall, E. 1904. “Early Painted Pottery from Gournia, Crete,” in Transactions of the Department of Archaeology, Free 

           Museum of Science and Art University of Pennsylvania 1, pp. 191–206.

Henriksson, G., and M. Blomberg. 2009. “Solar Orientations of Bronze Age Shrines in Gournia, Crete, in Cosmology 

           across Cultures. Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Parque de las Ciencias, Granada, Spain, 8–12 September 

           2008, J. Rubiño-Martin, ed., San Francisco, pp. 430–435.

Hirsch, E.S. 1975. “Infrared Photography and Archaeology: Painted Floors at Gournia,” Archaeology 28, pp. 260–266.

Hood, S. 1989. “A Baetyl at Gournia?,” Ariadni 5, pp. 17–21.      

Niemeier, W.-D. 1979. “The Master of the Gournia Octopus Stirrup Jar and a Late Minoan IA Pottery Workshop at 

           Gournia Exporting to Thera,” TUAS 4, pp. 18–26.

———. 1980. “Die Katastrophe von Thera und die spatminoische Chronologie,” Jahrbuch des Deutschen 

            Archaologischen Instituts 95, pp. 1–76.

Romano, D.G. 2003. “Minoan Surveyors and Town Planning at Gournia. Metron: Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age,” in 

            Proceedings of the 9th International Aegean Conference, New Haven, Yale University, 18–21 April 2002 

            (Aegeaum 24), K. Foster and R. Laffineur, eds., Belgium, pp. 247–256.

Romano, D.G., D. Arbittier, O. Tolba, N.L. Stapp, and A. Insua. 2003. “The Use of GIS and Remote Sensing in the Study 

            of Minoan Town Planning at Gournia,” in  CAA 2002: The Digital Heritage of Archaeology. Computer

            Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology: Proceedings of the 30th Conference, Heraklion, Crete,

            April 2002, M. Doerr and A. Sarris, eds., Athens, pp. 155–160.

Russel, P. 1979. “The Date of the Gournia Shrine,” TUAS 4, pp. 27–33.

Rutkowski, B. 1987. “Das Stadtheiligtum von Gournia,” in Ägäis-Kollogquium. Schriften des deutschen Archäologen-

            Verbandes IX. Papers from the Colloquium on Aegean Prehistory, Held in Mannheim, 20-22 February, 1986

            Mannheim, pp. 58–62.

Rutkowski, B., and Nowicki, K. 1988. “Some Observations on the Gournia Archaeological Reservation (Crete, Greece,” in 

            The Engineering Geology of Ancient Works, Monuments and Historical Sites. Preservation and Protection. 

            Proceedings of an International Symposium Organized by the Greek National Group of IAEG, Athens, 19–23 

            September 1988, P. Marinos and G. Koukis, eds., Rotterdam, pp. 1479–1484.

Silverman, J. 1974. “A Lost Notebook from the Excavations at Gournia, Crete,” Expedition 17, pp. 11–20.

———. 1978. The Gournia Collection in the University Museum, University of Pennsylvania Ph.D. Dissertation.

———. 1979. “Excavating at Gournia,” TUAS 4, pp. 2–6.

Smith, R.A.K., and A.M. Wagner. 2014. "Breaking Ground: Founding and Feasting at Minoan Gournia," paper presented  

            for Classics Research Seminar Series, Brock University.

———. 2014. "Breaking Ground: Founding and Feasting at Minoan Gournia," poster presented at Brock Research Day

            Brock University.

———. 2014. "Breaking Ground: Founding and Feasting at Minoan Gournia," poster presented at Mapping New 

            Knowledges, Brock University.

———. 2015. "Breaking Ground: Founding and Feasting at Minoan Gournia," poster presented at the Archaeological 

            Institute of America Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, January 8-11, 2015.

Soles, J. 1973. The Gournia House Tombs: A Study of the Architecture, Chronology, and Use of the Built Rectangular 

            Tombs of Crete, University of Pennsylvania Ph.D. Dissertation.

———. 1979.  “The Early Gournia Town,” AJA 83, pp. 149–167.

———. 1979. “Towards a Reconstruction of the Palace at Gournia,” TUAS 4, pp. 11–17.

———. 1991. “The Gournia Palace,” AJA 95, pp. 17–78.

———. 1992. The Prepalatial Cemeteries at Mochlos and Gournia and the House Tombs of Bronze Age Crete (Hesperia 

            Suppl. 24), Princeton.

———. 2002. “A Central Court at Gournia,” in Monuments of Minos: Rethinking the Minoan Palaces. Proceedings of the 

            International Workshop ‘Crete of the Hundred Palaces?,’ Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, 14–15 

            December 2001 (Aegaeum 23), J. Driessen, I. Schoep, and R. Laffineur, eds., Liège, pp. 123–142.

Strid, Kayla. 2015. "Building Communities/ Expanding Opportunities," paper presented at the National Council on 

            Education for the Ceramic Arts Biennial Conference, Providence, Rhode Island, March 26, 2015.

Thompson, J.G. 1995. Was Bull Vaulting Possible at Gounria? (ArchNews 20), pp. 17–20.

Van Wamel, W.A., and J.J. Gast. 1994. Analysis of Tilting at Gournia (Crete) by the Representative Block Method: A 

            Geological-Archaeology Technique to Analyse Historical Tilting (Archaeometry 36(1)), pp. 131–139.

Vavouranakis, G. 2006. “Burials and the Landscapes of Gournia, Crete, in the Bronze Age,” in Space and Spatial Analysis 

            in Archaeology, E. Robertson, J. Seibert, D. Fernandez, and M. Zender, eds., Calgary, pp. 233–242.

Warren, P. 1999. “LM IA: Knossos, Thera, Gournia,” in Meletemata: Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to 

            Malcolm H. Wiener as He Enters His 65th Year, vol. III, P.P. Betancourt, V. Karageorghis, R. Laffineur, and W.-D. 

            Niemeier, eds., Austin, pp. 893–903.

Watrous, L.V. 1993“Gournia Again: Focus of Exploration,” Newsletter of the American School of Classical Studies at 

            Athens 32.

———. 1993. “The Gournia Project: The 1992 Field Season,” paper presented at the Institute of Fine Art, NYU, Aegean 

            Symposium, January, 1993.

———. 1994. “The Gournia Project 1992–1994,” paper presented at the AIA of Western New York, December, 1994.

———. 1994. “The Gournia Survey Project: A Preliminary Report on the 1992–1994 Seasons,” paper presented at the 

            Archaelogical Institute of American 96th Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, December, 1994.

———. 1994. “H Ellenikh-Amerikanikh Ereuna sthn perioch twn Gourniwn sthn Anatolikh Krhth,” paper presented at the 

            University of Rethymnon, October, 1994.

———. 1996. “Daily Life in the Gournia Region of Crete: Economy and Society,” paper presented at H' Dieqnou 

            Krhtologiko Sunedrio, Heraklion, Crete, September 10, 1996.

———. 2000. “Economy and Society in the Gournia Region of Crete,” Pepragmena H' Dieqnou Krhtologikou Syndreiou 

            (3), Heraklion, pp. 471–484.

———. 2000. “Gournia, Pachyammos, Lasithi and Mesara Surveys, in One Hundred Years of American Archaeological 

            Work on Crete, J.D. Muhly and E. Sikla, eds., Athens, pp. 126–135.

———. 2000. “The Countryside of Gournia,” paper presented at the 'Crete 2000' conference held by the American School 

            of Classical Studies at Athens, July 10–13, 2000.

———. 2001. “Gournia–A Regional Commerical Center,” paper presented at the Twelfth Annual Archaeological 

            Symposium, Brock University, St. Catharines, Canada, March, 2001.

———. 2001. “Gournia in Late Minoan IA: Implications for Linear A and B,” paper presented at Cambridge University, 

            Archaeology Working Group, Cambridge, England, May 4, 2001.

———. 2001. “The Organization of Craft Production at the Site of Gournia and its Implications for Aegean Society,” paper 

            presented at the Archaeological Institute of America 103rd Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, January, 2001.

———. 2006. “A Tale of Six HarborsKommos, Poros, Amnissos, Gournia, Mochlos and Zakros,” paper presented at the 

            Gold Metal Colloquium, Archaeological Institute of America 108th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, January, 


———. 2007. “How Was the Palace at Gournia Established? Minoan State Formation in the Mirabello Region of East 

            Crete,” paper presented at the Archaeological Institute of America 109th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 

            January 3–6, 2007.

———. 2008. “Secondary State Formation on Crete: The Mirabello Region during the Bronze Age,” paper presented at 

            the INSTAP Study Center for East Crete, Pacheia Ammos, Greece, June 2008.

———. 2010. “The CoastaTown at GourniaFortification Walls and Towers, Street, Dam and Agricultural Terraces,” 

            paper presented at the Archaeological Institute of America 111th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, January 6–

            9, 2010.

———. 2010. The Harbor of Gournia: Fieldwork in 2008–2009 (Kentro 13), pp. 12–14.

———. 2011. Excavations at Gournia (Akoue. Newsletter of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens 64), pp. 


———. 2012. An Archaeological Survey of the Gournia Landscape: A Regional History of the Mirabello Bay, Crete, in 

            Antiquity, Philadelphia.

———. 2012. “An Overview of Secondary State Formation on Crete: The Mirabello Region during the Bronze Age,” in 

            Studies in Honor of Costis Davaras (Prehistory Monographs 36), E. Mantzourani and P.P. Betancourt, eds., 

            Philadelphia, pp. 273–282. 

———. 2012. “Excavations at Gournia, 2010–2011,” paper presented at the Archaeological Institute of America 113th 

            Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvannia, January 5-8, 2012.

———. 2012. “The Harbor Complex at Gournia,” AJA 116, pp. 521–542.

Watrous, L.V., and  H.  Blitzer.  1995.  “The Gournia Survey Project: A Preliminary Report on the 1992–1994 Field 

            Seasons,” AJA 99, p. 313.

———. 1999. “The Region of Gournia in the Neopalatial Period,” in Meletemata: Studies in Aegean Archaeology 

            Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener as He Enters His 65th Year, vol. III, P.P. Betancourt, V. Karageorghis, R. 

           Laffineur, and W.-D. Niemeier, eds., Austin, pp. 905–909.

Watrous, L.V., H. Blitzer, D. Haggis, and E. Zangger. 2000. “Economy and Society in the Gournia Region of Crete, A 

           Preliminary Report on the 1992–1994 Field Seasons of the Gournia Project,” Πεπραγμενα του Η’ Διεθνους 

           Κρητολογικου ΣυνεδριουΗράκλειο 9–14 Σεπτεμβρίου 1996, Vol. A3, Herakleion, pp. 471–483.

Watrous, L.V., and D.M. Buell. 2010. “Gournia 2008–2009: Revealing a Minoan Town on the Aegean Coast,” paper 

            presented at Ontario Aegean Day, the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, March 6, 2010.

———. 2013. "The Excavations at Gournia 2010-2012," paper presented for Minoan Seminar, Pacheia Ammos, Crete, 

            June 27, 2013.

Watrous, L.V., D.M. Buell, J.C. McEnroe, J.G. Younger, L.A. Turner, B.S. Kunkel, K. Glowacki, S. Gallimore, A. Smith,

           P.A. Pantou, A. Chapin, and E. Margaritis. 2015. "Excavations at Gournia, 2010-2012," Hesperia 84 (3), pp. 397-


Watrous, L.V., and K. Davaras. 1997. Amerikaniki Scholi Klasikon Spoudon: Gournia (ArchDelt 47), pp. 607–608.

Watrous, L.V., and A. Heimroth. 2011. “Household Industries of Late Minoan IB Gournia and the Socioeconomic Status of

            the Town,” in ΣΤΕΓΑ: The Archaeology of Houses and Households in Ancient Crete (Hesperia Suppl. 44), K. 

            Glowacki and N. Vogeikoff-Brogan, eds., Princeton, pp. 199–212.

Younger, J.G. 2014. "Ceramics, Ancient and Modern, at Gournia, Crete," a paper presented at The Lawrence Arts Center, 

            Lawrence, Kansas, October 28, 2014.

———. 2015. "A 4000 Year Old Pottery Workshop on Crete: Making Pottery Then, Thinking Pottery Today," paper 

            presented at the Center for Global and International Studies 'Food for Thought', The University of Kansas,  

            Lawrence, Kansas, March 4, 2015.

———. 2015. "A 4000 Year Old Pottery Workshop on Crete: Making Pottery Then, Thinking Pottery Today," paper 

            presented at the 10th Annual Rehak Symposium on Ancient Art, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 

            March 24, 2015.

———. 2015. "A 4000 Year Old Pottery Workshop on Crete: Making Pottery Then, Thinking Pottery Today," paper 

            presented at The University of Kansas "Mini College", Lawrence, Kansas, June 1, 2015.

———. 2015. "The Pyrgos and Gournia Roundels Inscribed in Linear A: Suffices, Prefixes, and a Journey to Syme," in The 

            Great Islands. Studies of Crete and Cyprus Presented to Gerald Cadogan, C.F. Macdonald, E. Hatzaki, and S. 

            Andreou, eds., Athens, pp. 67-70.

———. 2015. "Seals and Documents from the Recent Excavations at Gournia, Crete," paper presented at the 

           Archaeological Institute of America 116th Annual Meeting, January 8-11, 2015.

Yule, P. 1979. “Two Seals of the ‘Hieroglyphic Deposit Group’ from Gournia,” TUAS 4, pp. 51–56. 


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